What Soviet Medicine Teaches Us, by Yuri N. Maltsev.
Day 5 of Robert Wenzel's 30 Day Reading List on Libertarianism
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There really isn't anything that we can learn from medical care decades ago in the Soviet Union. There are too many confounding factors, including cultural, political and economic history, and the persistent violent hostility of the West, including three brutal wars and the threat of nuclear annihilation.
If you want to study the pros and cons of socialized medicine, look at how it's practiced today in all the industrialized Western nations except the United States. Michael Moore's documentary, Sicko, is a good place to start.